Pelvic Inflammatory

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Doctor: Dr Maria Fatima


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an inflammation of organs affecting the female reproductive system, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, and ovaries. This condition can cause chronic pelvic pain in some patients or no symptoms at all. While PID is treatable, if left untreated, it can lead to serious complications, including infertility.


Managing and preventing pelvic inflammatory disease involves several precautions:

  • Safe Sexual Practices: Using condoms and having regular STI screenings can reduce the risk of PID, which is often caused by sexually transmitted infections.
  • Regular Medical Check-ups: Routine gynecological exams can help detect early signs of infection or inflammation.
  • Prompt Treatment of STIs: Early treatment of sexually transmitted infections can prevent the development of PID.
  • Avoid Douching: Douching can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina and increase the risk of infections that can lead to PID.
  • Awareness and Education: Understanding the symptoms and risks associated with PID and STIs can encourage early treatment and prevention.


The symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease can vary widely and may include:

  • Lower abdominal or pelvic pain
  • Unusual vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Painful urination
  • Irregular menstrual bleeding
  • Fever and chills
  • Fatigue


Treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease typically involves:

  • Antibiotics: A combination of antibiotics is often prescribed to treat the infection. It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics, even if symptoms improve.
  • Pain Management: Over-the-counter pain relievers may be recommended to manage pain and discomfort.
  • Treatment of Sexual Partners: Sexual partners should be treated to prevent reinfection and the spread of infection.
  • Follow-up Care: Regular follow-up visits to the healthcare provider are essential to ensure the infection has been fully cleared.
  • Hospitalization: In severe cases, hospitalization may be required for intravenous antibiotics and more intensive treatment.


Pelvic inflammatory disease can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs): The most common causes of PID are bacterial STIs, particularly chlamydia and gonorrhea.
  • Bacterial Vaginosis: An imbalance of normal vaginal bacteria can increase the risk of developing PID.
  • Childbirth, Miscarriage, or Abortion: Procedures that involve the opening of the cervix can allow bacteria to enter the upper reproductive tract, leading to PID.
  • Insertion of Intrauterine Device (IUD): The insertion process can introduce bacteria into the reproductive tract, although this is less common.